Paper on Rheological Characteristics of 2D Titanium Carbide (MXene) Dispersions: A Guide for Processing MXenes

 Rheological Characteristics of 2D Titanium Carbide (MXene) Dispersions: A Guide for Processing MXenes

Bilen Akuzum†‡, Kathleen Maleski†, Babak Anasori† , Pavel Lelyukh†, Nicolas Javier Alvarez*§, E. Caglan Kumbur*‡, and Yury Gogotsi*†
† A. J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
‡ Electrochemical Energy Systems Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
§ Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
ACS Nano, Article ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b08889, Publication Date (Web): February 20, 2018, Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society

Abstract

Understanding the rheological properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials in suspension is critical for the development of various solution processing and manufacturing techniques. 2D carbides and nitrides (MXenes) constitute one of the largest families of 2D materials with >20 synthesized compositions and applications already ranging from energy storage to medicine to optoelectronics. However, in spite of a report on clay-like behavior, not much is known about their rheological response. In this study, rheological behavior of single- and multilayer Ti3C2Tx in aqueous dispersions was investigated. Viscous and viscoelastic properties of MXene dispersions were studied over a variety of concentrations from colloidal dispersions to high loading slurries, showing that a multilayer MXene suspension with up to 70 wt % can exhibit flowability.

Processing guidelines for the fabrication of MXene films, coatings, and fibers have been established based on the rheological properties

Processing guidelines for the fabrication of MXene films, coatings, and fibers have been established based on the rheological properties. Surprisingly, high viscosity was observed at very low concentrations for solutions of single-layer MXene flakes. Single-layer colloidal solutions were found to exhibit partial elasticity even at the lowest tested concentrations (<0.20 mg/mL) due to the presence of strong surface charge and excellent hydrophilicity of MXene, making them amenable to fabrication at dilute concentrations. Overall, the findings of this study provide fundamental insights into the rheological response of this quickly growing 2D family of materials in aqueous environments as well as offer guidelines for processing of MXenes.

Keywords: 2D material; MXene; processing; rheology; titanium carbide

Read more: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/acsnano.7b08889

 

 

News from MRC.ORG.UA

MXene Coating Could Prevent Electromagnetic Interference in Wearable Devices

mxene-emi-fabricResearchers at Drexel University’s College of Engineering have reported that MXene coated fabric is highly effective for blocking electromagnetic waves and potentially harmful radiation. The discovery is a key development for efforts to weave technological capabilities into clothing and accessories. 

 
MRC and Drexel collaborative article on Scalable MXene synthesis is listed among the most accessed in Advanced Engineering Materials journal for the whole year

bulk MXene

This article is also Highly Cited in Web of Science (top 1% of all papers in the field).

 
H2020 MSCA RISE CanBioSe project activities - EsR/ER training and scientific seminar held in MRC, Kyiv, Ukraine, July 30-August 01, 2020

Canbiose project training and seminar

Training of early-staged researchers involved in CanBioSe research works on nanomaterials processing and scientific seminar on Advances in nanomaterials research for biomedical applications, were held with invited experts.

 
Scalable Production System for the Promising, 2D Nanomaterials MXenes

altFor one of the most promising new types of 2D nanomaterials, MXenes, that’s no longer a problem. Researchers at Drexel University and the Materials Research Center in Ukraine have designed a system that can be used to make large quantities of the material while preserving its unique properties

 
CANBIOSE project participant from MRC completed secondment visit to partner organization Vilnius University, Lithuania, on February-March 2020 due to CANBIOSE project

altCANBIOSE project participant from MRC performed secondment visit to project partner organization Vilnius University, Lithuania, on February 24 - March 14 2020.

 
H2020 MSCA RISE SALSETH project participant from MRC V. Balitskiy started secondment at University of Novi Sad, Serbia

altSALSETH project participant from MRC Vitalii Balitskiy was hosted by partners from University of Novi Sad (UNS), Serbia, during his secondment visit according to the project plan.

 
SALSETH Project Kick-off meeting was held in University of Novi Sad, Serbia, on february 28, 2020

altResearch team from Materials Research Centre (MRC), Kyiv, Ukraine, was represented by Vitalii Balitskiy, who made a presentation to project partners about the MRC company, its capabilities, current research projects and main activities.

 
The science of the future and the use of intelligent nanomaterials in advanced technologies. Lecture by Professor Yury Gogotsi for students, schoolchildren of Junior Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute,Feb 24, 2020

alt

The science of the future and the use of smart nanomaterials in new technologies. Lecture by Professor Yury Gogotsi for students, and schoolchildren of the Junior Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, February 27, 2020

 
Horizon 2020 NANO2DAY project participant A.Stepura from Polymer Institute of Slovak Academy of Science (Bratislava, Slovakia) was hosted by Materials Research Center (MRC), Kiev, Ukraine, on December 2019-February 2020

pisas--secondment-to-mrc-jan-2020_13.jpg - 86.27 KbAnastasiia Stepura from Polymer Institute Slovak Academy of Science (Bratislava, Slovakia) was hosted by Materials Research Centre  on December 2019- February 2020 during her secondment performing research works due to H2020 NANO2DAY project.

 
H2020 NANO2DAY project participants from MRC Veronika Zahorodna and Oleksiy Gogotsi visited partner organization Polymer Instityte SAS, Bratislava, Slovakia on January 2020

altResearchers from the Materials Research Center (MRC), Kiev, Ukraine,  Oleksiy Gogotsi and Veronika Zahorodna visited Horizon 2020 NANO2DAY project partner organization Polymer Institute of Slovak Academy of Science, Bratislava, Slovakia on January 2020. In cooperation with PISAS colleagues they were working on MXene doped polymer nanocomposites.

 
H2020 NANO2DAY project participant from MRC Ivan Hryshko was visiting project partner organization University of Latvia, Riga, on November-December 2019

altResearch engineer from MRC Ivan Hryshko is being visiting the University of Latvia, where he held a seminar on MXenes

 
Secondment of project participants from MRC O. Gogotsi and V. Zahorodna to project partners from LNEC under Horizon 2020 MSCA RISE Project №690968 NANOGUARD2AR, 12/11-11/12/2019, Lisboan, Portugal

altMRC Director O. Gogotsi and EsR Veronika Zahorodna in a secondment to LNEC, Lisboan, Portugal participated in a work meeting discussing project results and performing engineering research works due to H2020 MSCA RISE project No 690968 NANOGUARD2AR.

 
Horizon 2020 CANBIOSE project participants from Materials Research Center (MRC), Kiev, Ukraine visited partner organization Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland, on October 27-November 27, 2019

altIn cooperation with AMU colleagues they were working on nanomaterials testing and characterization.

 
MXENE AT THE FRONTIER OF THE 2D MATERIALS WORLD BEILSTEIN NANOTECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM 2019, October 15–17, 2019, Favorite Parkhotel, Mainz, Germany

altThe symposium brought together leading international experts and those researchers who are just entering the exciting world of 2D carbides and nitrides to explore new synthesis methods, better understand properties and find new applications of MXenes.

 
Horizon 2020 NANO2DAY project participants from the Materials Research Center (MRC), Kiev, Ukraine, Zozulia Iuliia and Vitalii Balitskiy visited the partner organization Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania on August 2019 - October 2019

altIn cooperation with KTU colleagues they were working on engineering simulations of mechanical  properties of nanomaterials and nanocomposites.