Nanodiamonds Can Prevent Lithium Battery Fires

Drexel professor Yury Gogotsi, working with a doctoral candidate visiting from Tsinghua University (Beijing), discovered the method. But getting Samsung and the myriad other Li-ion battery producers and OEMs to sign on to the concept has proved more difficult than confirming that the nanodiamond additive works. Then progressive growth of dendrites (left) in electrolytes without at least 1 percent nanodiamond, compared to the dendrite-free use of Li-Ion batteries with nano diamonds (right). Source: Drexel University“We had to use internal funding from Drexel to even prove the concept,” Gogotsi told EE Times. “Now we are still trying to attract industrial partners to fund us to characterize the process in more detail and to determine exactly how much nanodiamond needs to be added to the electrolyte in particular applications.”

It’s possible that the “diamond” in nanodiamond is putting off cost-conscious manufacturers, as Li-ion battery technology already is expensive. But that concern is unfounded, Gogotsi said, since nanodiamonds are cheap to manufacture and, in fact, can be created from waste materials.

“All you need to do is take expired explosives, which are otherwise expensive to dispose of, and explode them in a sealed chamber,” Gogotsi said. “The result will be a coating on the walls of the chamber that is more than 50 percent nanodiamonds typically measuring just 5 nanometers across.”

The mechanism, believe it or not, is analogous to the way Superman made diamonds in the comic books: The superhero applied incredibly high pressure to ordinary carbon, forcing it into its most compact structure. Of course, the Man of Steel used his bare hands, whereas Gogotsi’s method depends on the incredible pressures created by an explosion in a closed space.

Gogotsi’s lab uses but “did not create” the process for creating nanodiamonds, he said. “In fact, it was invented by three separate laboratories in Russia and was kept so secret that each lab was unaware of the other labs’ similar discovery.”

Los Alamos National Lab eventually published a description of the process, which today is used worldwide to turn hard-to-dispose-of waste — such as expired C4 — into marketable products. Nanodiamonds are widely used today in such products as industrial abrasives, medical coatings, and electronic sensors that measure magnetic fields.

Now nanodiamonds are poised to solve the igniting-battery problem that killed off the Galaxy Note 7 — if manufacturers can be convinced to use them.

X.-B. Cheng, M.-Q. Zhao, C. Chen, A. Pentecost, K. Maleski, T. Mathis, X.-Q. Zhang, Q. Zhang, J. Jiang, Y. Gogotsi, Nanodiamonds Suppress the Growth of Lithium Dendrites, Nature Communications, 8, 336 (2017)



News from MRC.ORG.UA

Our new collaborative research paper with Drexel team on Porous Ti3AlC2 MAX phase enables efficient synthesis of Ti3C2Tx MXene

porous MAX phase technologyIn this study, we have optimized the synthesis of MAX phases for MXene manufacturing. The main purpose of this study is to develop a porous Ti3AlC2MAX phase that can be easily ground into individual grains manually without time-consuming eliminating the need for drilling and intenseball-milling before MXene synthesis. Moreover, we also demonstrate the synthesis of highly porous Ti3AlC2 (about 70%) from an inexpensive raw materials.

Novel electrically conductive electrospun PCL‑MXene scaffolds for cardiac tissue regeneration

Scanning electron microscopy image of PCLMXene membranes crosssection (left side) with the representation of EDX line (dotted line) and example of cross-sectional EDX elements line scan (right side)Here we demonstrate a new developed method for depositing Ti3C2Tx MXenes onto hydrophobic electrospun PCL membranes using oxygen plasma treatment. These novel patches hold tremendous potential for providing mechanical support to damaged heart tissue and enabling electrical signal transmission,thereby mimicking the crucial electroconductivity required for normal cardiac function. After a detailed investigation of scaffold-to-cell interplay, including electrical stimulation, novel technology has the potential for clinical application not only for cardiac regeneration, but also as neural and muscular tissue substitutes.

Read recently published paper about our collaborative work: MXene Functionalized Kevlar Yarn via Automated, Continuous Dip Coating

MXene Functionalized Kevlar Yarn via Automated,Continuous Dip CoatingThe rise of the Internet of Things has spurred extensive research on integrating conductive materials into textiles to turn them into sensors, antennas, energy storage devices, and heaters. MXenes, owing to their high electrical conductivity and solution processability, offer an efficient way to add conductivity and electronic functions to textiles. Here, a versatile automated yarn dip coater tailored for producing continuously high-quality MXene-coated yarns and conducted the most comprehensive MXene-yarn dip coating study to date is developed. 

MX-MAP project secondment visit of Dr. Oleksiy Gogotsi and Veronika Zahorodna from MRC to University of Padova, Italy, October 2023

altMX-MAP project participants from MRC Dr. Oleksiy Gogotsi and Veronika Zahorodna performed split secondment visit to project partner organization University of Padova (Italy). MX-MAP project works on development of the key strategies for MXene medical applications. 

CanbioSe Project Meeting and Project Workshop, September 26-27, 2023, Montpellier, France

altCanbioSe Project Meeting and Project Workshop was held  at European Institute of Membranes (IEM), University of Montpellier, France on September 26-27, 2023. The workshop was focused on the theme of "Commercializing Biosensors, Intellectual Property, and Knowledge Transfer from Academia to Industry.

IEEE NAP 2023: 2023 IEEE 13th International Conference “Nanomaterials: Applications & Properties” Sep 10, 2023 - Sep 15, 2023, Bratislava, Slovakia

altDr. Oleksiy Gogotsi and Veronika Zahorodna visited IEEE NAP 2023 conference held in Bratislava on September 10-15, 2023. The prime focus of the IEEE NAP-2023 was on nanoscale materials with emphasis on interdisciplinary research exploring and exploiting their unique physical and chemical proprieties for practical applications.

Visit to CEST labs in Wiener Neustadt (Low Energy Ion Scattering, Batteries development) and TU Vienna (ELSA, SFA)

altDirector of MRC and Carbon-Ukraine Dr. Oleksiy Gogotsi visited CEST labs in Wiener Neustadt (Low Energy Ion Scattering, Batteries development) and TU Vienna (ELSA, SFA). He meet with Dr. Pierluigi Bilotto, Dr. Chriatian Pichler and their colleagues, discussing novel materials and r&d activities for new technologies.

MX-MAP Session at YUCOMAT Conference 2023 "Towards MXenes’ biomedical applications by high-dimensional immune MAPping", HORIZON-MSCA-2021-SE-01 project MX-MAP.

altMX-MAP Session was held during the YUCOMAT Conference 2023 titled: "Towards MXenes’ biomedical applications by high-dimensional immune MAPping", HORIZON-MSCA-2021-SE-01 project MX-MAP.


altThe conference was organised by the Materials Research Society of Sebia and supported by MRS-Singapore with the participation of a pleiad of distinguished scientists.

CANBIOSE secondment visit of Dr. Oleksiy Gogotsi and Veronika Zahorodna from MRC to European Institute of Membranes in Montpellier, France

altCANBIOSE project participants from MRC Dr. Oleksiy Gogotsi and Veronika Zahorodna performed secondment visit to project partner organization European Institute of Membranes in Montpellier (France) on August -September 2023.

MRC researchers visited Nanobiomedical Centre, Adam Mickewicz University in Poznan, Poland due to CANBIOSE project, April-May 2023

altMRC researchers Dr. Oleksiy Gogotsi and Veronika Zahorodna were visiting Nanobiomedical Centre, Adam Mickewicz University in Poznan, Poland due to close collaboration with AMU team led by Dr. Igor Iatsunskiy. 

Twenty Third Annual Conference - YUCOMAT 2022 Twelfth World Round Table Conference on Sintering - XII WRTCS 2022 Herceg Novi, August 29 – September 2, 2022


Our collaborators and partners  presented our joint research at the Yucomat conference - at Symposium on Biomaterials and two collaborative posters at Conference Poster Session.

MRC team visited 2nd international MXene conference "MXenes: Addressing Global Challenges with Innovation"at Drexel University, USA on Aug. 1-3, 2022

second MXene COnference 2022, Drexel University, USA

MRC team members Dr. Oleksiy Gogotsi, Veronika Zahorodna, Dr. Iryna Roslyk visited MXene Confrence 2022.  This 2nd international MXene conference at Drexel University, August 1-3, 2022, put major MXene discoveries, including their record-breaking electrical conductivity, electromagnetic interference shielding capability, electrochemical capacitance, light-to-heat conversion, and other properties, into perspective.

Launching HORIZON-MSCA-2021-SE-01 MX-MAP Project: Towards MXenes biomedical applications by high-dimensional immune MAPping

MX-MAP project Meeting during the MXene international conference held in Drexel University on Aug. 3,  2022, and discussing the roadmap for launching MX-MAP research project on MXenes for medical applications.

H2020-MSCA-RISE NANO2DAY research project, last updates


Researchers from University of Latvia and Materials Research Center, Ukraine are visiting Drexel University due to Horizon-2020-MSCA-RISE NANO2DAY research project.