The electrochemical flow capacitor for grid-scale energy storage

 new technology from Drexel
An interdisciplinary team of researchers from Drexel University have reported the development of a new technology for grid-scale energy storage which could provide a fast, efficient method for storing energy on the electrical grid...
Rus На русском Eng In English

This new technology, dubbed the “electrochemical flow capacitor,” stores energy in the same way as a supercapacitor, but is much less costly to scale up for large, industrial applications. Results from the team’s most recent study were published in a special issue of Advanced Energy Materials ("The Electrochemical Flow Capacitor: A New Concept for Rapid Energy Storage and Recovery") focusing on next-generation batteries.

The electrochemical flow capacitor uses a flow cell architecture, similar to existing redox flow batteries for grid storage, consisting of an electrochemical cell connected to external electrolyte reservoirs. However, this technology is unique in that it uses a flowable slurry of capacitive particles suspended in a liquid electrolyte carrier fluid. Uncharged slurry is pumped through a flow cell, where energy is stored capacitively within the solid particles.The charged slurry can then be held in reservoirs until the energy is needed, at which time the entire process is reversed. By utilizing this capacitive slurry instead of conventional battery electroly tes, the Drexel team says that its new design can be operated in high power applications for hundreds of thousands of charge-discharge cycles, vital for industrial applications


flow capacitor

llustration by Kristy Jost, PhD student of Materials Science and Engineering.

“It is well known that conventional supercapacitors provide very high power output with minimal degradation in performance. However, they have always had fairly limited energy storage capacity”, said Dr. Yury Gogotsi, distinguished university professor and Trustee Chair of Materials Science and Engineering and director of the A.J. Drexel Nanotechnology Institute at Drexel University, one of the lead scientists on the project. “By incorporating the active material of supercapacitors into a fluid, we are able to address issues of capacity and scalability by adopting the system architecture from redox flow batteries”.

Dr. E. C. Kumbur, Director of the Electrochemical Energy Systems Laboratory at Drexel states: “Flow battery architecture is very attractive for grid-scale applications because it allows for scalable energy storage by decoupling the power and energy storage.” In flow battery systems, as well as the electrochemical flow capacitor, the energy storage capacity is determined by the size of the reservoirs which store the charged material. If a larger capacity is desired, the tanks can simply be scaled up in size. Similarly, the power output of the system is controlled by the size of the electrochemical cell, with larger cells producing more power.

“Slow response rate is a common problem for most energy storage systems. Incorporating the rapid charging and discharging ability of supercapacitors into this architecture is a major advantage to effectively store the fluctuating energy sources and deliver the energy rapidly as needed,” Kumbur said. “Electrical energy storage is the bottleneck for more widespread implementation of renewable energy sources like wind and solar,” said Dr. Volker Presser, Assistant Research Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Drexel. “We believe that this new technology has important applications in that field. Moreover, these technologies can also be used to enhance the efficiency of existing power sources, and improve the stability of the grid.”

The team’s ongoing work is focused on developing new slurry compositions based on different carbon nanomaterials and electrolytes, as well as optimizing their flow capacitor design.

“We have observed very promising performance so far, but this is by no means the upper limit of this technology,” Gogotsi said. The team is also designing a small demonstration prototype to illustrate the fundamental operation of the system.  Materials Research Centre also participates in development of the pilot device with flow electrochemical capacitor.

Source: Drexel University


News from MRC.ORG.UA

Nano Iguana became a 1st place winner at 2017 MRS Science as Art Competition

Entry Nano Iguana became a 1st place winner at Science as Art Competition 2017: Nano-anatase (TiO2) crystals decorating graphene-like carbon, fabricated by oxidizing 2d Ti3C2 MXene powder, presented by A. J. Drexel Nanotechnology Institute and Department of Materials Science  and Engineering, Drexel University, USAResearch team from Drexel University lead by professor Yury Gogotsi produced an award-wining entry and became the 1st place winner in Science as Art competition at 2017 MRS Spring meeting in Phoenix.

1st Africa Energy Materials conference, 28 – 31 March 2017, Pretoria, South Africa

1st Africa Energy Materials conference On the first day of the conference, on March 28, the conference participants had an opportunity to attend a plenary lecture "Two-Dimensional Materials for High Rate and High-energy Density Storage" by invited plenary speaker professor Yury Gogotsi, Distinguished University Professor and Trustee Chair of Materials Science and Engineering at Drexel University, and Director of the A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute 

Workshop “Nanomaterials – based innovative engineering solution to ensure sustainable safeguard to indoor air “ NANOGUARD2AR 27-28 February, Lisbon, Portugal

altThe goal of the workshop is to attract the most recognized academic experts in the field of Innovative Nanomaterials for Environmental Application to share their knowledge and expertise on nanomaterials, nanoengineering and green building concepts.


Researchers from the A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute have been studying MXene for nearly half a decade. (L-R): Olekisy Gogotsi (Director of Materials Research Center, Ukraine), Gabriel Scull, Babak Anasori, Mohamed Alhabeb, Yury Gogotsi.

More than twenty 2D carbides, nitrides and carbonitrides of transition metals (MXenes) have been synthesized and studied, and dozens more predicted to exist. Highly electrically conductive MXenes show promise in electrical energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, electrocatalysis, plasmonics and other applications.

Prof. Gogotsi has been included in the list of ISI Highly Cited researchers for the 3rd year in the row

altProf. Gogotsi has been named among Highly Cited Researchers 2016, representing worlds most influential scientific minds

Appointment ceremony of Honorary professorship for prof. Yury Gogotsi, Jilin University, Changchun, China on October 20, 2016

Honorary professor of Jilin University Yury Gogotsi  and Li Yuanyuan, President of Jilin University, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering

The official appointment ceremony of Honorary professorship for Dr. Yury Gogotsi took place in a ceremonial atmosphere at Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China on October 20, 2016.

12th IUPAC International Conference on Novel Materials and their Synthesis (NMS-XII)

12th IUPAC International Conference on Novel Materials and their Synthesis (NMS-XII)12th IUPAC International Conference on Novel Materials and their Synthesis (NMS-XII), is held during 14-19 October, 2016 at Hunan Agriculture University together with Nanjing Tech University, Fudan University and University of Technology, Sydney.

Cleaning up electromagnetic pollution by containing the emissions with a thin coating of a nanomaterial called MXene

MXene is a nanomaterial that is both thin and light, but also has the unique ability to block and absorb electromagnetic radiation, which makes it the perfect for use as shielding in electronics devices.

 According to the authors, when electromagnetic waves come in contact with MXene, some are immediately reflected from its surface, while others pass through the surface but they lose energy amidst the material’s atomically thin layers.

Beijing University of Chemical Technology awarded prof. Yury Gogotsi, Drexel University (USA) the title of Honorary Professor

Honorary Professor appointment ceremony at the Beijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijing University of Chemical Technology have decided to award prof. Yury Gogotsi, Drexel University (USA) the title of Honorary Professor based on his distinguished academic accomplishments. 

Prof. Yury Gogotsi became the winner of 2016 Nano Energy Award!

prof. Yury Gogotsi, Drexel UniversityNano Energy Award was presented to prof. Yury Gogotsi at 2016 Nanoenergy and Nanosystems Conference, which was held in Beijing on 13-15 July 2016.

Professor Yury Gogotsi, director of Drexel Nanomaterials Institute, Drexel University, USA, and director of Materials Research Centre Oleksiy Gogotsi visited Jilin University in Changchun, China

meeting at Jilin UniversityProfessor Yury Gogotsi, director of Drexel Nanomaterials Institute, Drexel University, USA, and director of Materials Research Centre Oleksiy Gogotsi visited Jilin University in Changchun, China, to meet research partners and discuss work questions and joint cooperation.

Yury Gogotsi gave a seminar lecture on Two-Dimensional Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes) and Their Applications in Energy Storage, Jilin University, China

Director of Materials Research Centre Oleksiy Gogotsi visited interesting seminar lecture of Prof. Yury Gogotsi on MXenes for the students of Jilin University.

June 16, 2016 prof. Yury Gogotsi gave a seminar lecture on Two-Dimensional Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes) and Their Applications in Energy Storage for the sudents and researchers of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Nature Conference on Materials for Energy 2016

altProf.Yury Gogotsi at the Nature Journals’ Materials for Energy conference gave a talk on Synthesis, Properties And Energy Storage Applications of Two-Dimensional Carbides (Mxenes) in Wuhan University of Technology Conference Centre, Wuhan, China

Congratulations to Prof. Gogotsi on winning the 2016 Nano Energy Award

prof. Yury Gogotsi, Drexel UniversityThe award will be presented to prof. Yury Gogotsi at the Nanoenergy and Nanosystems 2016 conference, which will be held in Beijing between 13-15 July 2016.

Congratulations to professor Yury Gogotsi for being named a Thomson Reuters 2015 Highly Cited Researcher!

altProfessor Yury Gogotsi have been listed in the 2015 World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds.