Engineering design and calculations

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Using of additional opportunities of CAD specialized program products – the software intended for development of drawings, engineering and technological documentation as well as 3D models. CAD is computer-aided design system to draw in CAE – designing of 3D solids, CAM – systems of engineering calculations enables our engineers to solve non-standard tasks of any complexity, is the use of computer software to control machine tools and related machinery in the manufacturing of workpieces .  Computer-aided design (CAD) is program technologies for designing of 2D and 3D shape of the objects. It’s widely used in lots of spheres, in particular, animation, automobiles, shipbuilding, aerospace industry, industrial and architectural design and so forth. CAD is the main driving force to explore in the field of computational geometry, computer graphics (both hardware and software) as well as discrete differential geometry.

Up-to-date systems of engineering calculations (CAE) are usually applied along with CAD systems. CAE systems are the major providers of information to help support design teams in decision making.CAE areas covered include: Stress analysis on components and assemblies using Finite Element Analysis; еhermal and fluid flow analysis, сomputational fluid dynamics; multibody dynamics and kinematics; analysis tools for process simulation for operations, product or process optimization.

Methods applied for engineering calculations:

Finite element method. - The basic idea in the finite element method is to find solution of a complicated problem by replacing it by a simpler one. Since the actual problem is replaced by a simpler one in finding the solution, it would be possible to find only an approximate solution rather than the exact solution. Moreover, in the finite element method, it will often be possible to improve or refine the approximate solution by spending more computational effort. For the last decades this method is the leading one and widely applied.

engineering calculations in Autodesk InventorFinite difference method is a well-known and simplest method of interpolation. It is used to solve ordinary differential equations that have conditions imposed on the boundary rather than at the initial point.

The finite-volume method is a method for representing and evaluating partial differential equations in the form of algebraic equations. In the finite volume method, volume integrals in a partial differential equation that contain a divergence term are converted to surface integrals, using the divergence theorem. These terms are then evaluated as fluxes at the surfaces of each finite volume.

engineering calculations tenses on mises engineering calculations of tennsess on the hopper wall

The von Mises stress is often used in determining whether an isotropic and ductile metal will yield when subjected to a complex loading condition. This is accomplished by calculating the von Mises stress and comparing it to the material's yield stress, which constitutes the von Mises Yield Criterion.

The objective is to develop a yield criterion for ductile metals that works for any complex 3-D loading condition, regardless of the mix of normal and shear stresses. The von Mises stress does this by boiling the complex stress state down into a single scalar number that is compared to a metal's yield strength, also a single scalar numerical value determined from a uniaxial tension test (because that's the easiest) on the material in a lab.Hydrostatic and deviatoric stresses.The hydrostatic stress is related to volume change, while the deviatoric stress is related to shape change.

Materials Research Centre uses Autodesk Inventor 3D CAD software products, that offer a comprehensive, flexible set of software for 3D mechanical design, product simulation, tooling creation, engineer to order, and design communication. Inventor takes engineer beyond 3D to Digital Prototyping by enabling him to produce an accurate 3D model that can help to design, visualize, and simulate products before they are built. Digital Prototyping with Inventor helps companies design better products, reduce development costs, and get to market faster.

Autodesk Inventor comes in different product configurations that offer specific levels of functionality to fit every design needs. Inventor is powerful 3D CAD Software for Mechanical Design. Autodesk Inventor 3D mechanical design software includes CAD productivity and design communication tools that can help to reduce errors, communicate more effectively, and deliver more innovative product designs faster. The Inventor model is an accurate 3D digital prototype that can validate the form, fit, and function of a design and unites direct modeling and parametric workflows.

vizualization autodesk inventor 3d modelling autodesk-3d-model

3D models of equipment by Autodesk Inventor

design autodesk inventor 3d autodesk engineering design by Inventor


3d design engineering design by Inventor designing in autodesk inventor


designing in autodesk inventor autodesk inventor for CAD model by blender

all 3D models can be divided into two categories:

Solid - These models define the volume of the object they represent, they are mostly used for nonvisual simulations such as medical and engineering simulations, for CAD and specialized visual applications

Shell/boundary - these models represent the surface, the boundary of the object, not its volume

Materials Research Centre is actively supporting using of CAD with open source code for multifunctional operation environment GNU/Linux assembled under the model of free and open source software. In order to develop engineering documentation (2D and 3D design drawings) co-workers of the Materials Research Centre’s Design Department use specialized software on the basis of multifunctional operation environment GNU/Linux. It is used as operation system of the most powerful supercomputers all over the world (servers, computers of non-standard architecture due to the opportunity of OS kernel quick adaptation and varieties of the software, military systems, computers mounted in various devices due to wide range of opportunities on Linux configuring with a task being performed.

3D model blender 3D model blender 3D screenshort Blender
3d model by GMSH
Stair design model by BLENDER

Vizualization of stair in Blender

Freeware is being actively used for design and engineering calculation. It’s a wide range of software with right of the user for unlimited installation, launching as well as easy use, study, distribution, changing (upgrading) and open-source software. This is the software with open-source code, available for browsing, study and upgrading which requires additional qualification but allows to update the most open program, as well as to use code for creating new programs, updating and correction of mistakes.


News from MRC.ORG.UA

Our Congratulations to Prof. Gogotsi with Receiving an Honorary Doctorate from Kyiv Polytechnic Institute KPIthe National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute"

 Prof. Yury Gogotsi received an honorary doctorate from the National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic InstituteOn May 14th, 2018, Prof. Yury Gogotsi received an honorary doctorate from the National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute (NTUU “KPI”), Kiev, Ukraine.

Paper on Rheological Characteristics of 2D Titanium Carbide (MXene) Dispersions: A Guide for Processing MXenes

Processing guidelines for the fabrication of MXene films, coatings, and fibers have been established based on the rheological propertiesProcessing guidelines for the fabrication of MXene films, coatings, and fibers have been established based on the rheological properties.

Professor Yury Gogotsi will give a lecture on 2D materials MXenes in Stanford University

altProfessor Yury Gogotsi will give a lecture on 2D materials MXenes on MSE winter Colloquim in Materials Science and Engineering Department, Stanford University. 

MXene is one of the most sensitive gas sensors ever reported

MXene gas sensorsMXene is one of the most sensitive gas sensors ever reported that sniff out chemicals in the air to warn us about everything from fires to carbon monoxide to drunk drivers to explosive devices hidden in luggage have improved so much that they can even detect diseases on a person’s breath. Researchers from Drexel University and the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology have made a discovery that could make our best “chemical noses” even more sensitive.

Professor Yury Gogotsi, Drexel University, USA, gave a plenary lecture at the 2018 Energy Future Conference in Sydney, Australia, 5-7 February 2018

Professor Gogotsi gave a plenary lecture on  two-dimensional materials MXenes

Professor Yury Gogotsi, Drexel University, USA,  gave a plenary lecture on February 06, 2018 and chaired a plenary session on February 05 at the Energy Future Conference (EF3 Conference 2018) in Sydney. EF3 Conference 2018 brought together scientists, engineers, policy makers, investors, academia, and industry to discuss the latest advances in energy technology. 

US-Czech Conference on Advanced Nanotechnology and Chemistry 17 th – 18th January 2018, Prague, Czech

US-Czeh conference on advanced nanotechnologiesMore than 30 speakers from USA and Czech were invited, among them also was invited outstanding scientist, professor Yury Gogotsi, founder director of Drexel Nanomaterials Institute in Drexel University, USA.

ICEnSM 2017. 2017 International Conference on Energy Storage Materials, Shenzhen, China, November 18-21, 2017

The First International Conference on Energy Storage Materials Professor Yury Gogotsi from Drexel University, USA, has won the 2017 Energy Storage Materials Award, which is awarded by the journal Energy Storage Materials. The Award will be presented to Professor Gogotsi at the ICEnSM 2017 (2017 International Conference on Energy Storage Materials), which will be held in Shenzhen, China, on Nov. 18-21, 2017.

Congratulations to professor Yury Gogotsi for being named 2017 Highly Cited Researcher in two categories!

altHis research ranks among the top 1% most cited works in his field and during its year of publication, earning the mark of exceptional impact. This year is the first time Yury Gogotsi made this list in two categories - Materials Science and Chemistry.

Nanodiamonds Can Prevent Lithium Battery Fires
Session dedicated to HORIZON-2020-MSCA-RISE project 690853 «Asymmetry of biological membrane: theoretical, experimental and applied aspects» ( assymcurv ), 5th International Conference "Nanobiophysics-2017"

ilt logoOleksiy Gogotsi, director of Materials Research Center presented join research on synthesis and biomedical applications of 2D carbides MXenes.

Congrats to professor Yury Gogotsi on winning the 2017 Changbai Mountain Friendship Award

Receiving a Changbai Mountain Friendship Award from the vice-governor of Jilin Province at the National Day foreign experts reception.Professor Yury Gogotsi from Drexel University, USA, received the 2017 Changbai Mountain Friendship Award from the vice-governor of Jilin Province at the National Day foreign experts reception.

Congarstulations to professor Yury Gogotsi from Drexel University, USA, who has won the 2017 Energy Storage Materials Award

yury gogotsiCongarstulations to professor Yury Gogotsi from Drexel University, USA, who has won the 2017 Energy Storage Materials Award,and is awarded by Energy Storage Materials journal.

Partial breaking of the Coulombic ordering of ionic liquids confined in carbon nanopores

An international team of researchers, including Drexel's Yury Gogotsi, PhD, observed that ions will forgo their typical alternating charge ordering when they are forced to jam into a small, sub-nanometer-sized, space — a behavior modification not unlike people relinquishing personal space in order to pack into a crowded subway car. The discovery could lead to safer energy storage devices and better water filtration membranes.In their most recent paper in Nature Materials researcher from Drexel University led by prof. Yury Gogotsi showed that Coulombic ordering reduces when the pores can accommodate only a single layer of ions. The non-Coulombic ordering is further enhanced in the presence of an applied electric potential. 

Researcers from Drexel University have developed a recipe that can turn electrolyte solution into a safeguard against the chemical process that leads to battery-related disasters

Recipe for Safer Batteries — Just Add DiamondsResearchers described a process by which nanodiamonds — tiny diamond particles 10,000 times smaller than the diameter of a hair — curtail the electrochemical deposition, called plating, that can lead to hazardous short-circuiting of lithium ion batteries.

Triangle Talks with Yury Gogotsi


Yury Gogotsi is a researcher in the Drexel University Nanomaterials Group. He and his colleagues discovered a series of novel materials known as MXenes.