Supercapacitors Lead the Way As Sustainable Energy Source

energy_storage_mechanisms
An international team of materials researchers including Drexel Univ.’s Yury Gogotsi has given the engineering world a better look at the inner functions of the electrodes of supercapacitors – the low-cost, lightweight energy storage devices used in many electronics, transportation and many other applications...

An international team of materials researchers including Drexel Univ.’s Yury Gogotsi has given the engineering world a better look at the inner functions of the electrodes of supercapacitors – the low-cost, lightweight energy storage devices used in many electronics, transportation and many other applications. In a piece published in Nature Materials, Gogotsi, and his collaborators from universities in France and England, take another step toward finding a solution to the world’s demand for sustainable energy sources

Gogotsi, a professor in Drexel’s College of Engineering and director of the A.J. Drexel Nanotechnology Institute, teamed with Mathieu Salanne, C?line Merlet and Benjamin Rotenberg from the Universit? Paris, Paul Madden from Oxford Univ. and Patrice Simon and Pierre-Louis Taberna of Universit? Paul Sabatier. What the group has produced is the first quantitative picture of the structure of ionic liquid absorbed inside disordered microporous carbon electrodes in supercapacitors. Supercapacitors have the capability of storing and delivering more power than batteries; moreover, they can last for up to a million of charge-discharge cycles. These characteristics are significant because of the intermittent nature of renewable energy production.

ionic liquid surrounded by two porous carbon electrodes

The figure above (Molecular Dynamics simulations by the group of Mathieu Salanne): shows ionic liquid surrounded by two porous carbon electrodes. It explains how the positive (red) and negative (green) ions interact with the carbon surface. The charging mechanism involves the exchange of ions between the bulk and the electrode. This simulation yields much higher capacitance values than in models using simplified regular electrode geometries. Image: Drexel Univ.

According to the researchers, the excellent performance of supercapacitors is due to ion adsorption in porous carbon electrodes. The molecular mechanism of ion behavior in pores smaller than one nanometer-one billionth of a meter- remains poorly understood. The mechanism proposed in this research opens the door for the design of materials with improved energy storage capabilities.

he authors suggest that in order to build higher-performance materials, researchers should know whether the increase in energy storage is due to only a large surface area or if the pore size and geometry also play a role. The results of this study provide guidance for development of better electrical energy storage devices that will ultimately enable wide utilization of renewable energy sources.

“This breakthrough in understanding of energy storage mechanisms became possible due to collaboration between research groups from four universities in three countries,” Gogotsi says. “Moreover, the team used carbon structure models developed by our colleagues Jeremy Palmer and Dr. Keith Gubbins from the North Carolina State Univ. This is a clear demonstration of the importance of collaboration between scientists working in different disciplines and even in different countries.”

This international collaboration is exemplified in the Master Program in Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion (MESC) offered jointly by Universities in France, Poland, Spain, China and the US (Drexel Univ.), in which students spent four semesters studying in at least three different countries and obtaining important international experience, in addition to knowledge in the energy field. Currently, 3 MESC students perform their master thesis research at Drexel.

Source: Drexel Univ.
 

News from MRC.ORG.UA

MATERIAL WITNESSES — RESEARCHERS AROUND THE WORLD ARE DELVING INTO DREXEL’S 2D MXENE

Researchers from the A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute have been studying MXene for nearly half a decade. (L-R): Olekisy Gogotsi (Director of Materials Research Center, Ukraine), Gabriel Scull, Babak Anasori, Mohamed Alhabeb, Yury Gogotsi.

More than twenty 2D carbides, nitrides and carbonitrides of transition metals (MXenes) have been synthesized and studied, and dozens more predicted to exist. Highly electrically conductive MXenes show promise in electrical energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, electrocatalysis, plasmonics and other applications.

 
Prof. Gogotsi has been included in the list of ISI Highly Cited researchers for the 3rd year in the row

altProf. Gogotsi has been named among Highly Cited Researchers 2016, representing worlds most influential scientific minds

 
Appointment ceremony of Honorary professorship for prof. Yury Gogotsi, Jilin University, Changchun, China on October 20, 2016

Honorary professor of Jilin University Yury Gogotsi  and Li Yuanyuan, President of Jilin University, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering

The official appointment ceremony of Honorary professorship for Dr. Yury Gogotsi took place in a ceremonial atmosphere at Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China on October 20, 2016.

 
12th IUPAC International Conference on Novel Materials and their Synthesis (NMS-XII)

12th IUPAC International Conference on Novel Materials and their Synthesis (NMS-XII)12th IUPAC International Conference on Novel Materials and their Synthesis (NMS-XII), is held during 14-19 October, 2016 at Hunan Agriculture University together with Nanjing Tech University, Fudan University and University of Technology, Sydney.

 
Cleaning up electromagnetic pollution by containing the emissions with a thin coating of a nanomaterial called MXene

MXene is a nanomaterial that is both thin and light, but also has the unique ability to block and absorb electromagnetic radiation, which makes it the perfect for use as shielding in electronics devices.

 According to the authors, when electromagnetic waves come in contact with MXene, some are immediately reflected from its surface, while others pass through the surface but they lose energy amidst the material’s atomically thin layers.

 
Beijing University of Chemical Technology awarded prof. Yury Gogotsi, Drexel University (USA) the title of Honorary Professor

Honorary Professor appointment ceremony at the Beijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijing University of Chemical Technology have decided to award prof. Yury Gogotsi, Drexel University (USA) the title of Honorary Professor based on his distinguished academic accomplishments. 

 
Prof. Yury Gogotsi became the winner of 2016 Nano Energy Award!

prof. Yury Gogotsi, Drexel UniversityNano Energy Award was presented to prof. Yury Gogotsi at 2016 Nanoenergy and Nanosystems Conference, which was held in Beijing on 13-15 July 2016.

 
Professor Yury Gogotsi, director of Drexel Nanomaterials Institute, Drexel University, USA, and director of Materials Research Centre Oleksiy Gogotsi visited Jilin University in Changchun, China

meeting at Jilin UniversityProfessor Yury Gogotsi, director of Drexel Nanomaterials Institute, Drexel University, USA, and director of Materials Research Centre Oleksiy Gogotsi visited Jilin University in Changchun, China, to meet research partners and discuss work questions and joint cooperation.

 
Yury Gogotsi gave a seminar lecture on Two-Dimensional Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes) and Their Applications in Energy Storage, Jilin University, China

Director of Materials Research Centre Oleksiy Gogotsi visited interesting seminar lecture of Prof. Yury Gogotsi on MXenes for the students of Jilin University.

June 16, 2016 prof. Yury Gogotsi gave a seminar lecture on Two-Dimensional Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes) and Their Applications in Energy Storage for the sudents and researchers of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

 
Nature Conference on Materials for Energy 2016

altProf.Yury Gogotsi at the Nature Journals’ Materials for Energy conference gave a talk on Synthesis, Properties And Energy Storage Applications of Two-Dimensional Carbides (Mxenes) in Wuhan University of Technology Conference Centre, Wuhan, China

 
Congratulations to Prof. Gogotsi on winning the 2016 Nano Energy Award

prof. Yury Gogotsi, Drexel UniversityThe award will be presented to prof. Yury Gogotsi at the Nanoenergy and Nanosystems 2016 conference, which will be held in Beijing between 13-15 July 2016.

 
Congratulations to professor Yury Gogotsi for being named a Thomson Reuters 2015 Highly Cited Researcher!

altProfessor Yury Gogotsi have been listed in the 2015 World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds. 

 
Prof. Yury Gogotsi has been admitted as Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC)

Royal Society of ChemistryProf. Yury Gogotsi has been admitted as Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC) on December 11, 2015 for his outstanding contribution to chemistry. 

 
Prof. Yury Gogotsi was awarded the Lee Hsun Award Lecture

Prof. Yury Gogotsi was awarded the Lee Hsun Award Lecture at the Institute of Metal Research (IMR) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences on Nov. 5.Prof. Yury Gogotsi was awarded the Lee Hsun Award Lecture at the Institute of Metal Research (IMR) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences on November 5, 2015.

 
Yury Gogotsi and Patrice Simon were announced as the laureates of RUSNANOPRIZE 2015 at the Open Innovations Forum in Moscow, October 28, 2015

Лауреаты премии RUSNANOPRIZE 2015 проф. Юрий Гогоци (Университет Дрекселя, США) и проф. Патрис Симон (Университет Тулузы им. Поля Сабатье, Франция), 28 октября 2015 г.

Winners of the international award RUSNANOPRIZE 2015 became Yury Gogotsi,  professor  of Drexel University (USA), Director of the Institute of nanomaterials Drexel University (USA), and professor of the University Paul Sabatier (France), Patrice Simon for the fundamental studies and development of carbon nanomaterials for electrochemical supercapacitors.