Scrubbers: general information

scrubber

Scrubber systems are a diverse group of air pollution control devices that can be used to remove some particulates and/or gases from industrial exhaust streams. Scrubbers are one of the primary devices that control gaseous emissions, especially acid gases. Scrubbers can also be used for heat recovery from hot gases by flue-gas condensation.

Rus На русском Eng In English

A wet scrubber is used to clean air, flue gas or other gases of various pollutants and dust particles. Wet scrubbing works via the contact of target compounds or particulate matter with the scrubbing solution. Solutions may simply be water (for dust) or solutions of reagents that specifically target certain compounds.

Shematic diagram of the scrubber

Removal efficiency of pollutants is improved by increasing residence time in the scrubber or by the increase of surface area of the scrubber solution by the use of a spray nozzle, packed towers or an aspirator. Wet scrubbers may increase the proportion of water in the gas, resulting in a visible stack plume, if the gas is sent to a stack.

The basic scrubber configurations are:

Spray nozzle scrubbers - water are sprayed with high pressure through nozzles to produce the droplets in the air.

Venturi scrubbers - air or gas velocity is increased through a venturi shape - increased turbulence atomize the water droplets.

Packed bed scrubbers - air passes through wet-laden fiber mats where mists are collected. Not suited if solid particles are present in the air since the fiber mats may plug.

Spray towers are inexpensive control devices primarily used for gas conditioning (cooling or humidifying) or for first-stage particle or gas removal. They are also being used in many flue-gas desulfurization systems to reduce plugging and scale buildup by pollutants. Many scrubbing systems use sprays either prior to or in the bottom of the primary scrubber to remove large particles that could plug it.

Scrubber is intended for cleaning of flue gases from dust. A water-scrubber consists of a gas flow and a biological engine. In the water-scrubber the components to remove from the gas flow are absorbed in the water. General view of the wet scrubber with capacity 1000 kg/hourIn the biological engine the absorbed pollution in the water is further decomposed biologically. The purified water is recycled to the scrubber where it absorbs pollution. Biologically degradable hydrocarbons are converted into the water-scrubber into H2O and CO2. The non degradable hydrocarbons remain in the water.

Scrubber for cleaning of exhaust gases: general view and operating scheme

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

News from MRC.ORG.UA

Congrats to professor Yury Gogotsi on winning the 2017 Changbai Mountain Friendship Award

Receiving a Changbai Mountain Friendship Award from the vice-governor of Jilin Province at the National Day foreign experts reception.Professor Yury Gogotsi from Drexel University, USA, received the 2017 Changbai Mountain Friendship Award from the vice-governor of Jilin Province at the National Day foreign experts reception.

 
Congarstulations to professor Yury Gogotsi from Drexel University, USA, who has won the 2017 Energy Storage Materials Award

yury gogotsiCongarstulations to professor Yury Gogotsi from Drexel University, USA, who has won the 2017 Energy Storage Materials Award,and is awarded by Energy Storage Materials journal.

 
Partial breaking of the Coulombic ordering of ionic liquids confined in carbon nanopores

An international team of researchers, including Drexel's Yury Gogotsi, PhD, observed that ions will forgo their typical alternating charge ordering when they are forced to jam into a small, sub-nanometer-sized, space — a behavior modification not unlike people relinquishing personal space in order to pack into a crowded subway car. The discovery could lead to safer energy storage devices and better water filtration membranes.In their most recent paper in Nature Materials researcher from Drexel University led by prof. Yury Gogotsi showed that Coulombic ordering reduces when the pores can accommodate only a single layer of ions. The non-Coulombic ordering is further enhanced in the presence of an applied electric potential. 

 
Researcers from Drexel University have developed a recipe that can turn electrolyte solution into a safeguard against the chemical process that leads to battery-related disasters

Recipe for Safer Batteries — Just Add DiamondsResearchers described a process by which nanodiamonds — tiny diamond particles 10,000 times smaller than the diameter of a hair — curtail the electrochemical deposition, called plating, that can lead to hazardous short-circuiting of lithium ion batteries.

 
Triangle Talks with Yury Gogotsi

alt

Yury Gogotsi is a researcher in the Drexel University Nanomaterials Group. He and his colleagues discovered a series of novel materials known as MXenes. 

 
Yury Gogotsi is the most influential scientist of modern Ukraine

altThe life of Yury Gogotsi is a constant back and forth between the top laboratories in the world, writing articles in the best scientific journals and research materials that can change the world around them. 

 
Professor Yury Gogotsi , Drexel University, USA, received an Honorary Doctorate from Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine, June 20, 2017.

Deputy Directors of IPMS NAS professors Dr. Ragulya, Dr. Baglyuk, Mr. Zavorotnyi, Honorary Professor of IPMS NASU Yury Gogotsi,  Scientific Secretary Dr. Kartuzov and Dr. Firstov Professor Yury Gogotsi , Drexel University, USA,  received an Honorary Doctorate from Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science, National Academy of Science of Ukraine.

 
Professor Yury Gogotsi was speaking about nanotechnology in energy storage at the World Science Festival 2017

Professor Yury Gogotsi at World Science Festival 2017Join world-class nanoscientists and environmental leaders to explore how the capacity to harness molecules and atoms is accelerating spectacular inventions — including light-weight “wonder materials,” vital energy-storage technologies, and new sources of renewable energy — which promise to redefine the very future of energy.

 
MXenes are at the forefront of 2D materials research

alt

Research of 2D MXenes is prominently featured in an article in Chemical & Engineering News - bulletin of the American Chemical Society that goes in hard copy to more than 150,000 subscribers. No doubt, MXenes are at the forefront of 2D materials research.

 
IDEATION Seminars: A New Platform for Innovation Management, Promotion, Licensing, Technology Transfer and Commercialization, June 7 at 14:30, KPI, Kyiv

altSpeakers:  Victor Korsun and Douglas Graham

 
Nano Iguana became a 1st place winner at 2017 MRS Science as Art Competition

Entry Nano Iguana became a 1st place winner at Science as Art Competition 2017: Nano-anatase (TiO2) crystals decorating graphene-like carbon, fabricated by oxidizing 2d Ti3C2 MXene powder, presented by A. J. Drexel Nanotechnology Institute and Department of Materials Science  and Engineering, Drexel University, USAResearch team from Drexel University lead by professor Yury Gogotsi produced an award-wining entry and became the 1st place winner in Science as Art competition at 2017 MRS Spring meeting in Phoenix.

 
1st Africa Energy Materials conference, 28 – 31 March 2017, Pretoria, South Africa

1st Africa Energy Materials conference On the first day of the conference, on March 28, the conference participants had an opportunity to attend a plenary lecture "Two-Dimensional Materials for High Rate and High-energy Density Storage" by invited plenary speaker professor Yury Gogotsi, Distinguished University Professor and Trustee Chair of Materials Science and Engineering at Drexel University, and Director of the A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute 

 
Workshop “Nanomaterials – based innovative engineering solution to ensure sustainable safeguard to indoor air “ NANOGUARD2AR 27-28 February, Lisbon, Portugal

altThe goal of the workshop is to attract the most recognized academic experts in the field of Innovative Nanomaterials for Environmental Application to share their knowledge and expertise on nanomaterials, nanoengineering and green building concepts.

 
MATERIAL WITNESSES — RESEARCHERS AROUND THE WORLD ARE DELVING INTO DREXEL’S 2D MXENE

Researchers from the A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute have been studying MXene for nearly half a decade. (L-R): Olekisy Gogotsi (Director of Materials Research Center, Ukraine), Gabriel Scull, Babak Anasori, Mohamed Alhabeb, Yury Gogotsi.

More than twenty 2D carbides, nitrides and carbonitrides of transition metals (MXenes) have been synthesized and studied, and dozens more predicted to exist. Highly electrically conductive MXenes show promise in electrical energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, electrocatalysis, plasmonics and other applications.

 
Prof. Gogotsi has been included in the list of ISI Highly Cited researchers for the 3rd year in the row

altProf. Gogotsi has been named among Highly Cited Researchers 2016, representing worlds most influential scientific minds